red brand canners hbr case solution for Dummies

Device-manufactured illustrations with J D S on The bottom date from your mid 1910s to 1920 or 1921, at which point John Duncan's Sons commenced using plain, unembossed bottles of the same condition.

The illustration for the still left is from an 1856 patent for your finishing Resource that was utilized to variety the utilized, groove-ring finishes on wax seal canning jars.  This is thought by some to generally be the main patent for a finishing (aka "lipping") Resource (Toulouse 1969b) although it was not a patent for an entire ending Instrument - instruments which were presently in use and Virtually surely not patentable.

There have been hundreds of various refined physique shape versions of Mason form fruit jars however The 2 primary forms pictured in this part are standard styles for the final 3rd+ on the 19th century (the Atlas Mason's Patent jar pictured earlier mentioned with the steadily sloping upper overall body) and first 50 percent from the 20th century (the Atlas Powerful Shoulder Mason and Ball Fantastic Mason jars pictured even further down the website page Along with the bead ledge under the cap).  There were also scores of delicate variants in the different caps spanning a time-frame from 1857 until finally the mid-twentieth century, As well as in modified form, on the present working day (Toulouse 1969a; Creswick 1987).

(Being a aspect note, the explained parison development method While using the pressing plunger normally resulted in "washboards" or "chill marks" within the higher neck of milk bottles.

The different Mason type fruit jars have the following general relationship observations.  This dating discussion focuses primarily on the ubiquitous "Mason's 1858" jars and to a point the "solid shoulder" forms, however other kinds of exterior screw thread canning jars usually comply with these normal observations where by pertinent:

The pair of rectangular extract bottles pictured for the still left are each device-produced and exhibit normal machine-produced properties such as suction scars as both equally have been products with the Owens Automatic Bottle Device.  The bottle on the right aspect from the graphic is often a 6" tall standard ball neck panel bottle with a very narrow neck ring that is certainly embossed with Mc CORMICK & CO. / BALTIMORE.  The base is embossed Together with the makers mark with the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. by using a plant and date code mixture of a "6" and also a "9" - figures which make it impossible to determine Should the bottle was made in 1936 or 1939 or for the Streator, IL.

Equipment-produced, external screw thread versions of those bottles in The standard form and colour have been used in the 1920s and certain somewhat later (Zumwalt 1980).

Quart PACIFIC / SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Function "Victory" jar - Click on the picture to the correct to check out the smaller sized (quart) Variation of the same variety enhanced Mason jar described previously mentioned with effectively a similar embossing sample, identical production options, and exact creation time.

An built-in carrying cope with can make it less difficult to move the G-Growth. At 5.7 lbs ., it feels pretty sturdy, The 2 tweeters and two woofers along with the twin bass ports uncovered within the again add to the load.

During the previous half of your nineteenth century bottles shaped like that revealed below have been a dominant design/kind employed for numerous spices in addition to other condiments and foodstuff merchandise which might healthy.  These uncommon eight-sided bottles (foundation watch under) have huge, concave front and back panels with flat slim side panels bound collectively by rather wide, concavely beveled corners.

The "Lightning" design toggle or swing-kind closures have been rather well-liked for mouth-blown canning jars from in advance of patenting (for jars) in 1882 - the main Lightning closure jars were reportedly created in the late 1870s - till effectively in the twentieth century on device-made jars.  This crucial closure kind was invented and patented 1st by Charles de Quillfeldt of Ny city in 1875 Even though the design was supposed in the beginning for beverage bottles (Toulouse 1969a; Creswick 1987).

Generally speaking, milk bottles can be a afterwards bottle linked here design and style that did not likely exist for a identifiable bottle "variety" until the 1880s.  In line with Monthly bill Lockhart (New Mexico Condition College - Alamogordo, and also a observed authority on the subject) milk bottle generation went via 4 reasonably recognizable stages of improvement (Lockhart pers. comm. 2005).  The very first 3 stages famous under are distinctly distinctive milk bottle production methods talked about mainly with the standpoint of cylindrical milk bottle output.

(The above mentioned explanation is usually a composite of the information present in H. H. Holscher's chapter on "Feeding and Forming" in Tooley (1953) and various discussions with the Bottle Investigate Team of which the writer is often a member.)

This portion covers the most commonly encountered canning jar/closure sorts, Despite the fact that at the conclusion of this area is a table with several dozen inbound links to photographs of various jars/closures built through the second fifty percent with the 19th century to supply people a experience to the enormous versions feasible.  For example, the jar team picture higher than displays a small assortment of strange mid to late 19th century closures.  (Photograph courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.)  Normally, all canning jars generally share a few binding attributes: an exceptionally extensive mouth/bore, a proportionally tall entire body and shorter neck, and some kind of (with any luck ,) air restricted sealing closure (Toulouse 1969a; McKearin & Wilson 1978).

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